Spectacular autumn foliage is a traditional attraction in this town of mountaintops. The terrain is very hilly with elevations to 1,400 feet. New development is limited by the topography and wetlands.
Incorporated in 1780, Montgomery was founded in yeoman agriculture but developed into a small, bustling milltown. There are remnants of the Old Falley Armory, where rifles were made during the Revolutionary War at the foot of Mt. Tekoa. The population has fallen steadily in the past century, and new development is primarily single family homes for residents who commute out of town for professional positions. Montgomery offers close proximity to the industrial and commercial areas of Westfield to its immediate south and Northampton to the northeast.
There are numerous historical attractions in Town. Along with the Town House in the Center, built in 1849, and the Community Church, built in 1848, there are 31 other historical buildings, bridges and cemeteries in town. There is an ancient Indian Cemetery in Montgomery. The one-room library serves as a meeting place and the Historical Society holds an annual Pancake Supper and Sugar Eat.
Today the town remains predominantly agricultural and residential, with more than 3/4 of its land undeveloped. Montgomery is a member of the Gateway Regional Public School System.
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